Sunday, 24 November 2013

The Making of Hamilton

There was not a decent street or footpath in Hamilton; they had creeks and watercourses in every direction.” [1]

“Truly, the place looked deserted and miserable, no one to be seen but poor old Murphy and his double team dragging a barrow load of coal through the yielding sands into which the wheels of his dray....were sinking almost to the axle.”[2]

These were just some of the challenges facing Hamilton’s first Municipal Council in 1872.

An election had been held on 9 February, 1872. From a field of 12 candidates, six Aldermen were elected. Readers who know the streets and landmarks of Hamilton will recognise these names:

Robert Cherry

George Donald

David Murray

Thomas Tudor

Thomas Swain

Edward Turnbull.

George Donald became the first Mayor of Hamilton.

George Donald, first Mayor of Hamilton Municipal Council, 1872-1876
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Region Library

Communities like Hamilton sought incorporation and the right to levy rates on landholders. This had become possible under new NSW laws passed in 1858 and 1867.

Incorporation was the beginning of a civic pride movement that saw citizens look for ways and means of improving the environment and circumstances in which they lived.

Incorporation of the mining settlements as a municipality offered a way to collectively address the terrible state of roads and footpaths, provide sanitation, garbage disposal, drainage and a clean water supply. All the things we take for granted today.

There is more about the conditions in which miners lived in the post How Hamilton got its Name.

The six Aldermen were already making their mark as leaders in the community. They had been instrumental in achieving incorporation for what would now no longer be three mining settlements of Pit Town, Borehole and Happy Flat but the township of Hamilton.

A place to meet

The immediate tasks facing the first Council were fairly pedestrian. First, they needed a place to meet. The Hamilton Mechanics' Institute,
where elections and the first couple of meetings had been conducted, was in a poor state. David Murray offered temporary accommodation in his cottage at 70 James Street, for a rental of three shillings per week.

This was the first Hamilton Council Chambers.

The first Hamilton Council Chambers, 70 James Street, Hamilton,
home of David Murray (1834-1908)
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Region Library

The Aldermen needed someone to “do the work.” They decided a Council Clerk would be employed, at a salary of 40 pounds per annum. James Ray was selected, initially to work very part-time for 2 hours per week.

Funds and assets were an early consideration. A finance committee was set up; estimates of expenditure prepared, and a 100 pound overdraft obtained from the Bank of Australasia. Later, a Municipal grant of 1500 pounds ensured Council would be able to start work on its priorities. Arrangements were made to survey and value Council property.

Abundance of water

Local historian Peter Murray [3] has analysed early Council records. He has noticed what a huge problem the over abundance of water was for the Council – the most pressing problem was in Denison Street (then the main thoroughfare).

In an interesting example, Peter Murray describes how a candidate for the position of pupil-teacher at Hamilton School was ruled out because she lived at Lambton. The Schools’ Inspector considered the candidate would often be unable to reach the school because the area between Lambton and Hamilton would frequently be under water.

An early priority was the kerbing, guttering and metalling of the major streets in Hamilton. Of course there were complaints about the order of improvements, and who would benefit most, and quickly. Bridges over the watercourses, and the building of culverts and drains, were also challenges. The Styx Creek was a repeat offender.

In his blog Hamilton North, Mark McLean revives and continues Hamilton’s watery conversations. Mark chronicles the defiant, never to be defeated Styx Creek, even though it has been captured and confined in a concrete straitjacket.

Wattle blossoms form patterns on the surface of Styx Creek, along with clusters of discarded bottles (2013)
Photograph courtesy of Mark McLean

A start had to be made somewhere, and although the first Aldermen were inexperienced, they learned on the job. We have much to thank them for. In fact, there is a permanent thank you to them on the gates of Gregson Park.

Memorial gates at Gregson Park

Memorial Gates at the Tudor Street entrance to Gregson Park, Hamilton (2013)

The memorial gates were opened in November, 2012. One side lists the first 6 Aldermen; the other side lists the donors – Henry Latham, Edward Broom, .E. G. Yeomans, William Hutchison, David Smith, Andrew Adams, W.R. Alexander and the families of the first Aldermen.

The Donald family donated a stone drinking fountain in memory of Hamilton's first Mayor, George Donald.

Opening of the Donald Fountain, Gregson Park, Hamilton
29 January, 1908
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Region Library

Elections were held regularly, and some of Hamilton’s prominent Mayors were:

George Donald                       First Mayor 1872-1876

David Murray                          Mayor 1876-1880

Francis W Reay                      Mayor 1887

William Rees Alexander         Mayor 1889-1900, 1911-1912, 1920

Gordon Richard Skelton         Mayor 1929-1930

Samuel Don                            Mayor 1885, 1886, 1901

Francis Reay was a medical herbalist who built the Hamilton Turkish Baths – read the story here.

Samdon Street in Hamilton is named for Sam Don. A sculpture of his head can still be seen above the entrance of the former fire station in James Street – that story is here.

The Hamilton clock tower was named the W R Alexander Clock Tower, in honour of Mr Alexander's services as Alderman.

Bigger and better

As the population of Hamilton grew, so did its administration.

In December 1873 E C Merewether, Superintendent of the AA Company, wrote to Council dedicating land at the corner of Beaumont and James Street for a new Council Chambers.

When the first Council Chambers was built several years later, in 1880, Councillors and the administration were able to move out of their leased premises. Following the Murray cottage, Mrs Hinkle’s rooms in Beaumont Street had been rented for 4 shillings per week.

1880 Council Chambers building
Photograph by Ralph Snowball, held in the Norm Barney Photographic Collection, courtesy of Cultural Collections, University of Newcastle, Australia

Just 12 years later, in 1892, a second Municipal Chambers was built to replace the first.

Hamilton Municipal Chambers (n.d.)
Note the established tree, gas lamp, and wooden shed housing fire brigade equipment on the left
Photograph by Ralph Snowball, held in the Norm Barney Photographic Collection, courtesy of Cultural Collections, University of Newcastle, Australia

Over time, the population of Hamilton grew from around 4,000 in 1891 to 14,000 in 1920. By 1919, more aldermen were needed to represent the diverse community - the original 6 Aldermen increased to 9, and later, to 12 – and yet another building was required to accommodate staff who took on diverse roles. Despite its impressive exterior, the old Chambers was considered insanitary and inadequate. [4] Four shops added in 1920 provided a revenue stream for the Council.

Hamilton Municipal Building and Clock Tower in Beaumont Street, 
12 February 1936
Photograph courtesy of Greg and Sylvia Ray

The Council would not go on to bigger and better things. Success and growth meant others were eyeing off Hamilton’s prosperity. Change was ahead.

From the 1890s, several state and civic leaders had championed expanding the boundaries and influence of the Newcastle Council. Finally, in 1938 these efforts were successful and the City of Greater Newcastle came into being. The Greater Newcastle Act of 1937 saw the City swallow up  11 surrounding suburban municipalities - including Hamilton.

The history of how local government came to Newcastle is explained simply by University of Newcastle Archivist Gionni di Gravio – read more here.

The final meeting of the Hamilton Municipal Council was held on 31 March, 1938.

The fine building owned by the Hamilton Council and appropriate to its role, would now be rented out, along with its ground floor shops. The Council had begun as a tenant, and now, stripped of its role, would be simply a landlord.

Another shock to come

Beaumont Street, Hamilton was the epicentre of the 1989 earthquake that struck Newcastle.

Shops on Beaumont Street damaged by the 1989 earthquake 
Photograph Courtesy of Newcastle Region Library - Earthquake Database

The fine clock tower which had become a Hamilton landmark cracked.

Hamilton Municipal Building - crack in clock tower
Photograph by Gordon Finn, courtesy of Newcastle Region Library

The Municipal building was substantially rebuilt. Local historian Mrs Mavis Ebbott recalls that when the clock tower was replaced, something was different. It was not as high as it was before.

Perhaps the earthquake was a wake-up call not just for Newcastle City Councillors, but also for Hamilton business people.

Soon steps were being taken to rebalance the control exercised by the City Council. Vigorous commercial centres like Hamilton wanted to have more say over their own destiny, and the City was prepared to loosen the reins a little.

Under Newcastle’s Mainstreet Program, Newcastle City Council began collecting a special levy from businesses in a small number of commercial centres including Hamilton. The funds could be pooled for projects such as street beautification and community events, and were administered by a locally based Committee of Council.

Partnership Now

In 2011, the partnership was taken to another level. Independent Business Improvement Associations (BIA), governed by a Constitution, were established. Council continues to collect the special benefit rate on Hamilton’s behalf. Suburbs like Hamilton, Mayfield and Wallsend can now initiate and administer a budget for projects that strengthen their commercial centres as well as the community.

Each year a business plan is presented by the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce to Newcastle Council for its approval. This provides a series of initiatives on which the two organisations can work together.

The first Aldermen of the Hamilton Municipal Council had an intense local focus. They wanted to make Hamilton a better place for its residents - to live, work and shop.

Clock Tower Markets are held every Saturday and enliven Beaumont Street (2013)

Today, the Hamilton Chamber of Commerce retains this local focus – and expands it. Embracing residents and thousands of visitors alike, the Chamber knows that both are the life blood of Hamilton’s commercial, eating and entertainment centre, and its community.

Unattributed photographs by Ruth Cotton.


[1] Newcastle Sun, 9/12/1921
[2] Newcastle Chronicle 10/3/1872.
[3] Murray, P: From Borehole to Hamilton Jubilee 1848-1921. Self-published 2006. p. 68
[4] Murray, P: From Borehole to Hamilton Jubilee 1848-1921. Self-published 2006. p. 118

Saturday, 16 November 2013

Boy Boxer from Burnt Bridge

He wore green satin shorts with a white star, and was promoted in boxing circles as Puerto Rican rather than Aboriginal, because of racial prejudice at the time.

Dave Sands' shorts
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Museum

Boxing has never interested me much. Yet even I can appreciate that 97 wins (a phenomenal 62 by knockout), 10 losses, a draw and two no contests out of 110 fights[1] in just 11 years is something truly exceptional.

Dave Sands was a Stockton family man who grew up on the Burnt Bridge Aboriginal Mission out of Kempsey. Tom Maguire was a Newcastle training legend with a boxing gym at 187 Beaumont Street, Hamilton.

Both men died with unrealised dreams.

This is the story of a remarkable partnership, and an estrangement that likely changed the course of the careers and lives of them both.

Autographed postcard of Dave Sands with Tom Maguire (1952)
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Museum

These stories have been well told. (It is easy to find them on the internet – my references are listed at the end of this post). Between the lines, however, lie puzzling threads, the truth of which will never be fully known.

In 1952, Dave was just 26, with a wife and three young children, another on the way. He died when the five ton truck he was driving failed to negotiate a bend near Dungog.

Boxing writers describe him one of the greatest boxers never to have won a world title.

Tom Maguire took 15 year old Dave on at his Beaumont Street gym, where the boy lived with other boxers in training, including his older brother Percy.

In 26 years associated with boxing, Tom Maguire trained 22 Australian champions, one Australasian champion and one British Empire champion. His greatest ambition was to guide one of his protégés into a world title.

Tom Maguire died in poverty, of ill health and too much alcohol, but without self pity. He was 76.

Two plaques testify to his achievements and the esteem he once enjoyed.

One is at the site of his gym in Beaumont Street, opposite the Racecourse.

Plaque to honour Tom Maguire, 187 Beaumont Street, Hamilton

Another is on the external wall of the Northern Star Hotel, Hamilton. Here, Maguire's boxers presented regular display matches to entertain the patrons.

Plaque to honour Tom Maguire, Northern Star Hotel, Beaumont Street, Hamilton

When Dave Sands died, shock waves and accolades swept the country. A public appeal raised enough funds to pay off his family home in Stockton, Newcastle and create a trust fund for his family. The thousands of people at his funeral tell the story of his popularity.

Dave Sands' Funeral in August, 1952
Photograph by Newcastle Morning Herald, 13/8/52, courtesy of Newcastle Region Library

Despite his success, most of his money had gone on manager’s fees, travel costs, family expenses and generosity to his kin.

I like the contradictions in the man. Dave Sands “was fast and quick-thinking, full of front-foot aggression and fierce counter punching. He had the best left hook of his peers.” [2]

At the same time, the young boxer was widely respected for his quiet manliness and dedication. He was modest and shy, fun loving and a good provider, even helping with domestic tasks such as sewing. His handsome features were unscathed.[3]

He was just 19 when he married 18 year old Bessie, who said:

“He was a gentle soul, a gentleman. We had only seven years together.” [4]

When his fatal accident occurred, Dave and his brother Alfie were on their way to a timber cutting job. This was their way of getting fit before an upcoming fight. In between fights, Dave worked at timber cutting and as a truckie. He was no slouch.


When Dave Sands died in 1952, his childhood home at Burnt Bridge, Kempsey was still under the control of the Aborigines Welfare Board. There was no electricity at the Mission, but there was talk of getting it connected so a motion picture projector could be purchased to entertain school children and young people.[5]

A Dunghutti man, Dave Sands was born in 1926. His father George Ritchie, a rodeo rider and timber cutter, was a boxer. Dave’s maternal great-uncle Bailey Russell was a noted bare-knuckle fighter. Dave and all five of his brothers must have inherited the “right” genes for boxing fame.
The six boys boxed under the name of Sands, a name taken by Dave’s older brother Percy after ‘Snowy’ Sands, a local railway guard and boxing fan. Known as The Fighting Sands, they became one of Australia's greatest sporting families.

Photograph courtesy of

The first few years

Soon after Tom Maguire took 15 year old Dave under his wing, the victories began to roll in.

By the end of 1942, when Dave was nearly 17, he had knocked out a dozen opponents in Newcastle.

By 1946, he was boxing twelve-round matches before up to 10,000 people in Sydney and Brisbane. In May that year he won the Australian middleweight title. Three months later he became national light-heavyweight champion.

Dave Sands in training
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Museum

Success did not go to Dave Sands’ head.

On one occasion it was said that after Dave won a fight, the managers celebrated all night but Dave had disappeared. He was taking the train home to Newcastle. His idea of celebration was to buy two meat pies instead of one - one to eat while waiting for the train, the other to eat while travelling.[6]

Looking international

By 1948 he had defeated all his local opponents and most American ‘imports’. Sands and Maguire set their sights on a world title.

In September 1949, Dave Sands won the British Empire Middleweight Boxing Championship title in 165 seconds, fighting Dick Turpin. It was reported to be one of the most sensational fights seen in Britain up to that time.

So media shy was he that following his win in Britain he was sent to Paris to avoid the throngs of well wishes and autograph hunters. [7]

Sands’ triumphal return to Australia was blunted by a serious accident, when the steering of his motor car failed. His time was not yet.

Over the next 18 months, Sands won nine fights, including the Australian heavyweight championship in 1950.

With these successes, Sands had become a leading contender for the world middleweight title. What happened over the next year or so would be critical.

Maguire was still managing Sands, and was at the height of his training career. Dave Sands was his greatest star.

Not to be

With his eyes on the holy grail of boxing, a world title, Maguire was attempting to arrange a bout for Sands with the American middleweight champion, Sugar Ray Robinson. Nothing was transparent in the murky world of international boxing promotion, where one-upmanship meant huge financial windfalls. Maguire missed a critical chance, and he and Sands fell out. The partnership ruptured.

We don’t know exactly why the two men became estranged, although it is said to involve money. Perhaps Sands felt he was not getting what he was worth. Or Sands lost confidence in Maguire’s negotiating skills. Neither were rich men.

Sands found a new manager, Bede Kerr. Although Kerr persisted with the negotiations, he did not succeed at that time.

Dave’s sudden death in 1952 shocked the boxing world. The announcement made the front page of the Sydney Morning Herald on 12 August, 1952.

Many good boxing men would fall to Dave Sands' gloves
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Museum

The irony was that at the time of his death, Dave Sands was training for the much sought after world middleweight title fight against Randolph Turpin. Sugar Ray Robinson had retired, leaving the title vacant.[8] British promoter Jack Solomons had cabled Sands direct with the offer of the title fight. Dave Sands’ dream could have come true.

A year later, when Carl Olsen stood in the Madison Square Garden ring after winning the world title said:

“If Dave Sands was alive, this title would be his.” [9]

Maguire lost heart after this. From being almost a household name at the peak of boxing’s popularity in the 1940s and early 1950s, Maguire’s own star paled. He did little training. The paint on the sign that had been the “Star” gymnasium opposite the Broadmeadow Racecourse for almost 50 years faded until it was barely legible.

There is much more to the story of Tom Maguire than can be told here. Newcastle Herald journalist Mike Scanlon has written a compassionate portrait of Maguire’s life and final years – read it here.

Tom Maguire, Tutor Trainer of Australian Champions (1926)
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Region Library 

In memoriam

Dave Sands was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1986.

In 1998, Australian boxer Chad Ritchie was invited to Los Angeles on behalf of the legendary grandfather he never knew. There, Dave Sands was inducted into the World Boxing Hall of Fame.[10]

At the commemoration of what would have been his 80th year, a plaque in Dave Sands’ honour was restored and re-unveiled in Glebe, Sydney, near a training gym he once frequented. Tom Laming Jnr, son of Dave’s friend Tom Laming Snr who had originally put the plaque in place, told the crowd:

“My dad said people would come to the gym to watch him train. He said it was like he was a movie star. When he went running in the park across the street, people would stop; buses would stop; people would get out of their cars just to watch him run.” [11]

Memorial plaque at Glebe, NSW
Courtesy of Deadly Vibe

Memorials for Dave Sands can also be found at the Lynn Oval, Stockton, Newcastle; and in a rest park at Dungog, near the site of the car accident.

Yet it was in Hamilton, in a humble gym and cottage at the southern end of Beaumont Street, where two men – boxer and his coach - dreamed dreams, hatched plans to take on the world, trained like demons, and recovered from their 60,000 miles of travel in pursuit of a world title.

In the Newcastle Museum, an exhibition on multicultural Beaumont Street, Hamilton includes a panel about Maguire’s boxing gym, and his star recruit, Aboriginal boxer Dave Sands.

In this exhibition, memorial to a legendary partnership, a partnership of legends, they are together. A Museum curator took the matter in hand, and I like to believe that the two men are reconciled.

Exhibition panel at the Newcastle Museum,
showing Tom Maguire and Dave Sands

Unattributed photographs by Ruth Cotton.


My thanks to Julie Baird, Deputy Director of the Newcastle Museum, who shared her passion with me for this story, and showed me that there is much more to boxing than I had imagined.

A young Aboriginal boxer, Dave Sands, accepts a presentation while his coach Tom Maguire, looks on
Photograph courtesy of Newcastle Region Library


[1] Sport Australia Hall of Fame: Dave Sands - Boxing
[2] Australian Dictionary of Biography: Sands, David (Dave) (1926-1952).
[3] Australian Dictionary of Biography: Sands, David (Dave) (1926-1952).
[4] Australian Dictionary of Biography: Sands, David (Dave) (1926-1952).
[6] Sport Australia Hall of Fame: Dave Sands – Boxing.
[7] From Wikipedia: Dave Sands
[8] [8] Sport Australia Hall of Fame: Dave Sands – Boxing.
[9] Sport Australia Hall of Fame: Dave Sands – Boxing.
[10] Newcastle Herald, Aug 10, 2012. Memories of boxer Dave Sands, by Sam Rigney.
[11] Deadly Vibe, Issue 120.
See also A Pug's Game, Mike Scanlon, Newcastle Morning Herald, Saturday August 6, 2005. A link is provided in the text.